Surfing the web using Narrator is a delightful experience!
Having worked with multiple screen readers over the years has always excited me as it gives me one more option to explore. Especially screen readers that are bundled with the operating system as we do not have to install additional software in order to use our computer.
In the past, have already tried my hands with VoiceOver on Mac, ChromeVox on Chrome Book, TalkBack on Android and VoiceOver on an iPhone, so decided to try my hands on Narrator for Windows.
Let’s start with the basics of Narrator.
Press Windows Logo key + Control + Enter to turn Narrator on and off!
As soon as we launch Narrator, the QuickStart guide begins. The purpose of QuickStart is to help users learn basics of Narrator quickly. This is certainly a good-to-have feature when you are learning Narrator but later on it is something that users will get annoyed with. Microsoft has done the right thing by providing users with an option to prevent it from starting automatically each time Narrator is launched.
Simply select the checkbox “Don’t show this guide again” to prevent the QuickStart guide from starting automatically. One can turn it back on by selecting the “Learn Narrator basics with QuickStart” link available in Narrator Settings.
Just like any other screen reader, Narrator also has a key assigned to it which is referred to as Narrator key”. In fact, Narrator has two keys!
By default, both Caps lock and Insert keys function as Narrator keys. We can change the Narrator key any time from the Narrator Settings.
We can also lock the Narrator key so we do not have to press it for every keyboard shortcut!
Press Caps lock + Z to lock the Narrator key.
Tip: Press Ctrl key to silence Narrator temporarily.
The following table lists few of the basic Narrator commands for accessing information:
|Caps lock + T||Read the title of the window|
|Caps lock + W||Read the window|
|Up/Down Arrow||Read previous and next line|
|Caps lock + X||Ignore next key press|
|Insert + 1||Input help On|
|Insert + 1(twice in quick succession)||Input help Off|
|Caps lock + R||Read continuously|
|Caps lock + ~ (Tilde)||Set focus to an item|
|Caps lock + F1||List of Narrator commands|
Tip: Press Caps lock + F2 to show the commands for interacting with the current item!
Having learnt the basic commands of Narrator, let’s now move ahead and find out how to browse the web using Narrator.
Narrator works pretty well with Microsoft’s Edge browser. So let’s get started!
Reading web pages
By default, Narrator switches to Scan mode while reading web pages using Edge. One can toggle Scan mode On/Off by pressing Caps lock + Spacebar in any application.
Narrator remembers the previously used Scan mode setting for an application and switches to it when you launch the application again. For edit boxes on the web, Scan mode is turned off automatically to help users type the text with ease.
Another important option that Narrator offers to its users is to work with different views. There are 11 views that users can chose from:
- Form fields
To cycle through different Narrator views press Caps lock + Up Arrow or Caps lock + Down Arrow
Switching between different views is especially helpful if you are using Narrator on a touch screen device. Yes that’s right, Narrator also supports touch screen gestures!
Along with reading text, Narrator identifies different web page elements, such as headings, lists, links, images, tables, form fields, etc. to help users access and interpret the information with ease. The following table lists down the commands to access different web page elements.
|Enter or Spacebar||Perform primary action|
|Shift + Enter or Shift + Spacebar||Perform secondary action|
|Down Arrow||Move to next piece of text or item|
|Up Arrow||Move to previous piece of text or item|
|B||Move to next button|
|Shift + B||Move to previous button|
|C||Move to next combo box|
|Shift + C||Move to previous combo box|
|D||Move to the next landmark|
|Shift + D||Move to the previous landmark|
|Caps lock + N||Move to the main landmark on the page|
|E||Move to the next edit box|
|Shift + E||Move to the previous edit box|
|F||Move to the next form field|
|Shift + F||Move to the previous form field|
|H||Move to the next heading|
|Shift + H||Move to the previous heading|
|I||Move to the next Item|
|Shift + I||Move to the previous item|
|K||Move to the next link|
|Shift + K||Move to the previous link|
|R||Move to the next radio button|
|Shift + R||Move to the previous radio button|
|T||Move to the next table|
|Shift + T||Move to the previous table|
|X||Move to the next check box|
|Shift + X||Move to the previous check box|
Apart from the above one can press number keys 1 to 9 on the Numeric row to jump to the headings at different levels on a web page. Yes, that’s correct 1 to 9 headings! Narrator gives options to jump to headings at level 7, 8 and 9 which are not commonly used on the web.
Just like any other screen reader, Narrator also provides users with several commands for accessing tabular information. So let’s find out the commands for accessing tables using Narrator.
Reading tables with Narrator
|Caps lock + F9||Read current column header|
|Caps lock + F10||Read current row header|
|Caps lock + F7||Read current column|
|Caps lock + F8||Read current row|
|Caps lock + F5||Read current column and row location|
|Caps lock + F6||Move to a cell|
|Caps lock + Shift + f6||Move to cell’s contents|
Tip: Press Caps lock + Ctrl + F to find text on a web page!
All in all Narrator has matured in to a useful screen reader option for users with visual impairments and is certainly a useful option not only to browse the web but also test web pages for accessibility!